China adoption was created to help address the overcrowding issues of the world's
most populous nation. As a nation, China is rapidly approaching 1.4 billion people.
As a result, China is filled with overpopulated orphanages. It is hoped that China
adoption by international countries can help to alleviate the situation.
China has a One-Child policy per family as instituted by Communist government in
1983. It is a way to curb the nation's overpopulation problem. However, this policy
is in conflict with Chinese culture where baby boys are always considered to be more
valuable to the family than baby girls. Boys stay home and grow up to provide for
the family. Girls grow up, get married and move away from home. It has been estimated
that the One-Child policy has resulted in over 100,000 parentless babies. Ninety-five
percent of the parentless babies are girls.
China Adoption Laws
China's adoption laws are very recent. The law legally recognizing adoptions domestically
occurred in 1981. The Adoption Law of China in 1992 allowed foreigners to conduct
a China adoption. The China Centre of Adoption Affairs (CCAA) was created that year.
Ever since then, more than 50,000 Chinese babies have been adopted by American families.
The Chinese officials are quite cooperative about foreign adoption of Chinese babies
from orphanages. They see it as not only a way to protect the well-being of orphans,
but it is also a bridge to the west. In general, babies for adoptions from China
are healthier than those from Latin America or Eastern Europe. Alcohol, drug abuse,
AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases have not been a major concern in China.
As a result, such diseases have not impacted babies for China Adoption. However,
it is unrealistic to assume that all babies from China Adoptions are 100% healthy.
Children from China can suffer from:
Iron deficiency anemia
China Adoption Process
China Adoptions are finalized in China by the China Centre of Adoption Affairs (CCAA).
Once the adoptions have been approved, at least one parent must travel to China
to bring the child home. The typical stay in China to handle the adoption is 2 weeks.
An adoption agency will need to find a facilitator in China to guide you through
An example of an adoption agency in the United States is The Chinese
Children Adoption International (CCAI):
foreigners wanting to begin a China adoption, an application file must be submitted
to the CCAA by the adoption agency. The file must be translated to Chinese in Beijing
by the China Translation and Publishing Corporation. The date on the file will be
important because this is the date that most families will track until a child is
received. The CCAA decides the location of the China Adoption for all whose application
was submitted by the adoption agency. Everyone in the adoption agency’s group will
be assigned a child at the same time. So they will wait as a group and travel to
China as a group for the China Adoption. The typical wait time has been anywhere
from four to twelve months.
The adopting family will likely get just one picture of the child along with a health
report. If the family decides to follow through with the adoption, then papers are
completed to indicate the interest. Unless the child has a significant health issue,
the adopting family will not be able to choose another baby beyond the one who has
already been assigned. Although boys are available, remember that 95% of the children
from the orphanages are girls. So you will more than likely get a girl.