China Shipping handles the logistics of the bulk of China's import and export goods.
There are about 200 shipping ports along China's 9000 mile coastline. China has
over 2000 ports in total. Shanghai is China's largest port and is amongst one of
the busiest in the world. Other important ports in China include: Shenzhen, Guangzhou,
Zhongshan, Hong Kong, Ningbo, Xiamen, Fuzhou, Tianjin, Qingdao and Dalian.
Photo credit: Yangtze river, China - Casey Wong
Top China Shipping Ports
Here is a brief description of China’s top 11 ports:
Congested ports in one of the limiting factors in China's ability to export its clothes,
furniture, toys and other Chinese manufactured products. The port of Shanghai is
at the mouth of the Yangtze River. Its strategic location means that Shanghai controls
the bulk of the shipping volume in China.
To help increase the port's shipping capacity, a new deep water port called Yangshan
was built off the coast of Shanghai. Unlike other port projects which reside on
the mainland coast, Yangshan was innovative in that this new port was put in the
middle of the ocean. Donghai, a 32 km bridge was built to transport the goods from
Yangshan to mainland China.
Projects such as the construction of the Three Gorges Dam to increase safety and
traffic capacity of the Yangtze River is a sign of China's commitment to continue
to build its shipping industry.
The port of Shenzhen is in the southern Guangdong province where about one third
of China's trade takes place. The other important port in Guangdong province is
Hong Kong. Shenzhen has been taken shipping market share from Hong Kong due to the
port's lower cost to process and export a container.
The Guangzhou port is situated 30 km from the city center of Guangzhou. It has been
growing by double digits over the past few years. It is likely that Guangzhou will
overtake Hong Kong as a shipping port in the mid 2010's. Guangzhou is the first
Chinese port in the southeast to have tides with European trading in the sixteenth
century. The city has been a major shipping port for many decades.
The Port of Zhongshan is in the city of Zhongshan located at the Pearl River Delta.
Customs entry and exit inspection areas have been set up at the Zhongshan Port.
The Port of Hong Kong sits in a natural harbor with deep, silt free water. With
mainland China providing the source of shipping, Hong Kong has become an international
shipping hub. Port facilities spread over a geographical area of almost 300 hectares.
There are multiple terminals serving up to 100 international shipping lines.
The Port of Ningbo is located in the Yangtze River Delta. It is a modernized deep
water port. The city of Ningbo is an ancient port city situated 160 km south of
Xiamen is in the province of Fujian in southeast China. The Port of Xiamen thrived
in the sixteenth century due to the influx of the Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch fortune-hunters.
The Port of Fuzhou is in the province of Fujian where it provides a direct connection
to Taiwan. It is a historic open coastal port for foreign trade in China.
The Port of Tianjin handles the shipping of Bejing which is 180 km away. A series
of railway systems and roads connect this port with various major cities within China.
The Tianjin Port is the largest artificial harbor in China.
The Port of Qingdao is a natural deep water port situated in the Yellow River basin.
With the Qingdao Qianwan International Logistic Park nearby, logistical services
such as custom clearance and warehousing are readily available.
The Port of Dalian is located at the southern tip of the Liaodong Peninsula in Northeastern
China. It is a strategic ice free port. The port has an inland transport network
with train services to major cities in the region.
Major China Shipping Companies
China Ocean Shipping (Group) Co or COSCO, the Chinese shipping giant is one of the
largest shipping companies in the world as measured by millions of tons shipped.
In addition to COSCO, the Shipping industry in China has been dominated by two
other state owned giants, Sinotrans and China Shipping. These three major China
shipping companies control the bulk of the market share within China’s shipping industry.
China Shipping Summary
The link between China Shipping and the Import and Export trade within China has
been evident for many centuries. Importers from the European nations have been visiting
this country and building an international trade for generations. China shipping
has facilitated the success of this trade. It will continue to be an important part
of China’s economy in the future.