Shipping to Australia has facilitated billions of dollars of import and export goods
in and out of the country. Historically, the majority of the nation's ports are
publically owned but more recently, the trend has been to privatize or corporatize
Port privatization involves the transfer of the public ports to
the private sector either through contracting, leasing or selling. Corporatization
is the restructuring of the port authority even though a reduced amount of state
or government presence is maintained. The port authority is replaced by legislation
taking over the landlord responsibilities of the port in a government owned corporation.
Private businesses principles are adapted in the government owned corporation with
the commercial operations of the port often times being privatized.
The majority of Australia's import and export cargo are moved through the major ports
of Melbourne, Sydney, Fremantle, Geelong, Adelaide, Brisbane, Kembla, Newcastle,
Hobart, and Whyalla.
Port of Melbourne
Port of Melbourne, situated in the Victoria state is Australia's largest cargo and
container port. The port has been in existence since the 1880's. Many of the activities
at the Port of Melbourne are privatized. With multiple docks and piers, the Port
of Melbourne handles a full range of port services.
Sydney Harbour (Port Jackson)
Port Jackson or Sydney Harbour is in the New South Wales states. It is the second
largest port in Australia. With a maze of inlets and headlands, Port Jackson spans
20 km or 12 miles from the Pacific Ocean to the Paramatta River. The harbour's discovery
has been accredited to Lt. James Cook in 1770. Due to its strategically central
location, the Port of Victoria has better access to Australia's interior than the
Port of Melbourne.
Port of Fremantle
Port of Fremantle, a natural deep water port is in the Western Australia State. It
is the most western port in Australia and is closest to one of Australia's important
trade partners, Singapore. The first European to land in this region was Captain
Charles Howe Fremantle in 1829. He was in charge of the HMS Challenger ship. An
artificial harbour was created in 1890's to improve its ability to function as a
port. The discovery of gold in the region during that time necessitated the development
of a port in Western Australia.
Port of Geelong
Situated in the Corio Bay within the state of Victoria, the Port of Geelong handles
grain, petroleum products and general industrial goods. Even though the Port of
Geelong is only 65 km or 40 miles southeast of the Port of Melbourne, it remains
competitive to Melbourne due to its easier access to the western district.
Port Adelaide was once a thriving center of the developing Australian colony. The
port which resides in the South Australia state is lined with stone warehouses and
Port of Brisbane
Port of Brisbane is in the southeastern corner of the state of Queensland. Due to
its proximity to major Asia Pacific markets, this port has been popular over the
years. There is a large network of railroads within Queensland. The Port of Brisbane
is the 3rd largest port in Australia as measured by the value of goods. Primary
exports include coal, grain, sugar and container freight.
Port Kembla is on the east coast of the state of New South Wales. This port was originally
developed in 1883 to export the coal from the Mount Kembla mine.
Port of Newcastle
Originally a place reserved for convicts, the Port of Newcastle is now home of the
world's largest export of coal. It is on the east coast of the state of New South
Port Hobart is situated within the southern part of the island state of Tasmania.
Hobart, the capital city of Tasmania is also the second oldest city in Australia.
The city was founded as a harsh prison settlement. It later flourished as a shipbuilding,
whaling and port facility.
Port of Whyalla
Port of Whyalla is in the state of South Australia. The city of Whyalla is the second
largest city in the state. The Port of Whyalla began as a shipping center for iron
ore mined at the nearby Iron Knob. Later the port broadened to shipbuilding.
Shipping to Australia for the Importer
With such a large number of ports, the importer to Australia has many options to
choose from for Shipping to Australia. The decision will be based on the country
of origin, the destination of the markets in Australia and shipping and port costs.
All three factors will help the importer to decide on which port will be the best
for getting goods to Australia by shipping to Australia.