Shipping to Canada has resulted in Canada as being one of the great deep sea trading
nations of the world. The country has some of the world's largest ports. The Welland
Canal of Lake Ontario, the St. Lawrence Seaway connecting the Atlantic Ocean and
with Great Lakes, and the Mackenzie River of Northwest Territories are just examples
of some of Canada's vast waterways.
Thunder Bay has become the largest fresh water
port for grain transportation in the world. The Great Lakes enable shipping to
Canada to reach 4000 kilometers within North America's interior. The Port of Vancouver
is one of the largest dry cargo ports in the Western Hemisphere while Montreal is
known as the furthest inland port in the Northern Hemisphere.
Transport Canada controls the regulatory functions of Canada’s ports. It also oversees
17 of Canada’s Port Authorities spanning from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.
Containerized Shipping to Canada Ports
The Ports of Vancouver, Montreal and Halifax capture 90% of Canada's container shipping.
Port of Halifax
The Port of Halifax has two terminals. Both terminals have access to CN, the Canadian
National Railroad company that facilitates the transport of import and export goods
across the country. The Port of Halifax is also home of the limited Atlantic naval
Port of Vancouver
Port of Vancouver is the largest port in Canada. Its location on the west coast
of Canada is of strategic logistical importance. Canada's grain exports from the
Prairie provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba) are processed through the Port
of Vancouver. The grain cargo is typically Asia bound to South Korea, China, Japan,
Taiwan and Indonesia.
Port of Montreal
Port of Montreal is the largest inland port on the continent stretching 25 km along
the St. Lawrence River. Due to its strategic geographic location, the Port of Montreal's
differentiation is that it serves as a transportation hub. One stop to the Port
of Montreal enables you to centrally access 100 million consumers within Canada and
the U.S. It has other modes of transportation to further move the goods to major
Metropolitan centers of Boston, New York, Detroit, Chicago and Toronto.
The St. Lawrence Seaway
The St. Lawrence Seaway stretches 724 km or 450 miles. It connects the Atlantic
Ocean with the five Great Lakes. It starts on the east coast with the Port of Montreal.
Through a series of canals and locks, it enables ships to travel all the way to
the most western Great Lakes, Lake Superior. Other major Canadian ports along the
St. Lawrence Seaway include: Ports of Quebec, Toronto, and Thunder Bay. U.S. Ports
served along this system include: Buffalo, Cleveland, Detroit and Chicago.
With 10 million square miles, Canada is the world’s second largest country; only
Russia is larger. Canada is known as a country of vast distances blessed with rich
resources. Due to the vastness of the country, importing and exporting to Canada
can be a major challenge. The extreme width of Canada stretches 9,306 km or 5,780
miles. However, the world class waterways and Canadian ports make shipping to Canada
easy for the importer. The Canadian National Railroad and the Trans Canada Highway
further facilitates the movement of goods across the country and into the local Canadian
markets. The Trans-Canada is over 8000 km connecting all ten provinces.